Take the Guesswork Out of Tree Growing Success


Ecofit Biotechnology Fits Trees to Environments + Ecosystems​

More Trees Survive and Thrive with Ecofit

Central to every tree growing project is choosing the best species, whether for restoring local habitats and ecosystems, improving biodiversity conditions, sustainable wood stock, agriculture, or carbon sequestration. For example, a thriving apple tree fruits better than one that is struggling or dies. This applies to every aspect of a tree, like needs and expectations for phytoremediation and erosion prevention, and the production of fruit or nuts, wood, windbreaks, and shade and cooling. The critical win is to not have trees fail, and even a 10% improvement in biological performance would translate into success for the project.

Ecofit​ fits trees to environments + ecosystems​.

Species selection:

  • Must entail a tree’s ecosystem needs, such as its position in a canopy, drought tolerance, optimal temperatures, and soil types.
  • Needs to include climate change factors. Formerly adapted species may no longer thrive in the current conditions.
  • Requires concern for soils depleted by agriculture, mining, and desertification.

Ecofit biotechnology is the only innovation predicting local tree species’ success. By decoding plant life, Ecofit helps mitigate climate change, restore habitats, halt extinction, and provide food security by selecting the most suitable trees for specific environments and ecosystems. Without it, neither existing data nor planting trials can provide reliably predictive results. As the scale of investment rises, so does the demand for risk mitigation. Avoid unnecessary risks with Ecofit.

Trees have significant genetic diversity within each species, and selection needs to account for locally adapted varieties. For example, though all one species, 7,500 varieties of apples have diverse requirements. Therefore, each ecosystem cluster of trees must be tested to verify its suitability.

Ecofit testing includes both the local ecosystem and the trees to find a fit between them. Using biopsies of trees, soil tests, and climate data, Ecofit provides quantitative measures of specific species suitability for a specific set of local conditions.

Ecofit biotechnology focuses on quantifying a narrow set of chemical indicators indicating a tree’s capacity to succeed under various abiotic conditions. Reliably predicting environmental fit improves the risk profile of a project and increases performance.

Ecofit has been laboratory tested across over 400 species in 30 ecosystems globally – from deserts to tropical rain forests to dry savannahs and highlands (see map below).

Early trials of Ecofit on other plants point to the possibility of revolutionizing agriculture in other fields, including vineyards, and for legumes, wheat, rice, and corn. Additional research is required.

Pronunciation guide: Ecofit [ēkōfit]

The Story of Ecofit

German reforestation required 250 years of trial and error before the right tree species could be found. The soils were severely depleted, which did not help.

While this was happening, German scientist Justus Freiherr von Liebig founded organic chemistry. He described the “Law of Minimums” in 1840, explaining how plants are limited by a combination of physical and chemical factors. For 150 years, testing plant tissues resisted translation into the actual “Minimums” demanded by each plant type. The primary method for determining plant suitability remained trial-and-error:

  • Time is a challenge: perennials can take years to mature.
  • Uncertain results: It is often difficult to determine why certain plants thrived, struggled, or died.

Professor Ralph Mitlöhner (PhD forestry scientist at Göttingen University) has dedicated his life’s work to afforestation. He began developing biological tests in 1988 to determine what plants need to thrive. Over 400 tree species were tested in 30 ecosystems as part of Dr. Mitlöhner’s research. It delivered a correlation coefficient averaging 0.95. The results of trials on other plants are also promising.

Spades acquired exclusive, perpetual, and worldwide rights to this biotechnology in 2020, branding it “Ecofit.” This technology is being commercialized and protected as a trade secret by Spades.

Adopting Ecofit technology will greatly assist in addressing climate change and creating natural capital. Dr. Mitlöhner’s passions for forest survival, climate mitigation, and food security are being fulfilled.

Spades Ecofit Tests
Ecofit biotechnology is intellectual property protected as trade secrets, necessary to attract investment to expand further research and scale up globally.

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